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The Outstanding Issue of the Libyan Intelligence Services

Commentary: Libya's Intelligence Services have been without a leader since the death of Abdoullah Masoud Al Darsi in April. There are currently many more candidates than usual competing to replace him. Meanwhile, the Turkish Intelligence Service is now capable of deciding many posts and positions in the Tripoli government, pulling rank and underlining its military role in Libya.

Indian army trucks move along a highway leading to Ladakh. Photo: Reuters

India and China in the Clash for Ladakh

Commentary: China does not need to wage war on India insofar as it can force the Indian government to do what China wants. China also wants to reaffirm mutual neutrality between China and India, while it thinks that Indian President Modi has above all nationalistic aims in the Himalayan region and in the arc of the Three Borders. In essence, Modi's India has chosen on which side to stand in the next "Cold War", which in any case has already started.  

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Russia’s Geopolitics and Strategy in the Future

Commentary:  The last complete Russian military doctrine was conceived during a very different phase of the East-West confrontation, before Russia's participation in the war in Syria and hence even before the new projection of Russian power onto the Mediterranean. In any case, 2020 is an end point for Russian military planners. Many things will be decided in the relations between East and West based on the military doctrine developed this year

Russian President Vladimir Putin chairs a meeting of his country's Security Council. Photo: Reuters

The Russian Constitutional Referendum of July 1, 2020

Commentary: What does President Putin want to achieve with his constitutional reform? Centralization of true power in his hands, up to two terms and even beyond but, on the other hand, distribution regulated by the central power to the regional governments. A new configuration of power in Russia until Putin finds his true heir apparent. If he ever finds him, of course.

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The Theory of Hybrid Warfare as Developed by Generals Gerasimov and Primakov

Commentary:  Hybrid warfare is a way to combine the masses of infantry on the ground with new technologies that create a whole new domain of operations. Certainly technological superiority counts - indeed it is essential - but what really matters is the full and absolute political power on a territory or on a specific technology, operation, influence or Denial Area action.

Polish tanks at a parade in Warsaw. Photo: Reuters

Poland’s Current Strategic Doctrine

Commentary: The central idea developed in Poland's National Security Strategy document is coordination of national security with all the other existing public or private security systems. The document, which was released on May 12, makes an excellent analysis of the general procedures of transformation between the economy and the social organization of peace and war, with sure and, above all, quick and invisible mechanisms.

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Italy’s Current Economic Crisis

Commentary: The country's economic system is changing. Italy will not survive within the Euro area without quantitative easing, the Public Sector Purchase Programme, or any other means that may be devised by the European Central Bank

Libyan GNA troops during Operation "Volcano of Rage". Photo: Reuters

The New Libyan crisis and Turkey’s Presence in Tripolitania

Commentary: Currently a proxy war is being fought in Libya: Turkey and Qatar against Egypt, UAE and Saudi Arabia, who want everything but Turkish hegemony over Libya. And vice versa. First and foremost, Turkey wants a primary economic and strategic role in the future Libyan reconstruction. Second, the autonomous drilling of oil maritime areas in the Eastern Mediterranean region
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